Viticulture heavily relies on phytochemicals during each cultivation period. In line with EU sustainability goals, we aim to reduce pesticide use. Sustainable alternatives to combat diseases like mildew include vineyard enhancement programs. Yet, pathogens evolve, leading to resistant strains.
Researchers at Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa have identified key genes influencing this interaction. Notably, proteases play a critical role in recognizing pathogens, triggering the vine’s defense response. Aralab’s FitoClima chambers provide controlled environments for vine infections and model plant maintenance to validate these gene functions.
Recognizing and validating resistance-linked genes is vital for enhancement programs and creating potential biocontrol compounds. Moreover, it paves the way for genetic editing strategies to bolster crop protection.